Developed in 1995 with the intention of enabling an application to run on different platforms without any effort and to diminish the possibility of developers making any mistake, Java is still a leading one among the most commonly used programming languages. Java applications are the ones mostly preferred as “enterprise applications” nowadays with its ability to run on countless different platforms and operating systems varying up to mobile devices, desktops, servers and even custom-engineered devices.
Having its origins back in 1995, Ruby is a recently popularized programming language towards the end of 2000s. With its dynamic structure, it’s a widely used and well-established language especially for developing Web applications.
Being one of the initially used programming languages for web applications and web pages which aims for an easy development process, PHP still maintains its characteristics to be one of the most preferred programming languages in this field.
As a dynamic, general-purpose programming language, Python is one of the most preferred by academics for its mathematical libraries, besides its wide use in operating system components and web application development.
Software Development Tools
Version control constitutes the heart of a whole application development process and thus designating the distributed version control system Git and web-based server GitLab as the most important tools for software development.
There are various software development tracking tools and methods circulating within the market, among which business management has a very important place for team work. RedMine proved its adequacy as a widely used web-based tool in this regard.
Although “compiling” is considered to be a programming language concept, it means not only converting application code into a machine language, but also turning the application into a ready-to-install package. Performing multiple actions within this process like running tests, static code analysis and even installing the application on testing environment, Jenkins is the most common continuous integration tool nowadays.
In terms of code quality and application sustainability, the developer team should be very determined to follow the required syntax rules. SonarQube checks the spelling automatically and reports the inappropriate usages with the suggested ones.